Journalists and writers’ associations from across the world has said in a joint statement Thursday that the European Court of Human Rights’ (ECHR) role in ensuring justice for Turkey’s post-coup victims “has become ever more important.”

“…considering the many fair trial violations, we have observed throughout our trial monitoring as well as the many other human rights violations committed by the Turkish authorities since the state of emergency was declared, the role of the European Court of Human Rights in ensuring justice for victims has become ever more important. Especially at a time when the Council of Europe’s human rights system is under pressure, emanating from actions or lack thereof by both EU and non-EU Member States. At the same time, even when duly taking into account the political and financial restraints placed onto the Council of Europe, it appears too deferential towards Turkey,” the statement said.

PEN International, PEN Belgium/Flanders, the European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF), Article 19, the Association of European Journalists (AEJ), the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ), the Global Editors Network (GEN), Index on Censorship, the International Press Institute (IPI), American PEN, Danish PEN, English PEN, Norwegian PEN, Wales PEN Cymru, Reporters without Borders (RSF), and the South East Europe Media Organization (SEEMO) signed the statement.

The groups said they have developed four specific requests to the EU, its institutions including the European Parliament, and its Member States.

First off, the statement called on addressees to duly implement the EU Guidelines on Freedom of Expression and EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders, and to do more, in the context of Turkey, to end the indiscriminate abuse of criminal legal proceedings against journalists and writers.

The EU and affiliates were asked to urge Turkey more actively to end the post-coup State of Emergency rule.

“Second, civil society is under attack in Turkey, and the space for civil society actors and human rights defenders is shrinking. Beyond the immediate impact on activists who are judicially or otherwise persecuted, the Turkish authorities’ actions are also having a chilling effect on actors who for now have remained outside its crosshairs. We call on the EU and its Member States to continue and expand its support to Turkish civil society, both politically and financially.”

The press unions said, as the third request, Turkey has been abusing Interpol’s Red Notice system to attempt to extend internationally its persecution of journalists, writers and others for having exercised peacefully their right to freedom of expression and opinion.

“Accordingly, we call on the EU and its Member States to refrain from carrying out arrests on the basis of Red Notices coming from Turkey when there are serious concerns that they may be abusive.”

Fourth, considering the many fair trial violations we have observed throughout our trial monitoring as well as the many other human rights violations committed by the Turkish authorities since the state of emergency was declared, the role of the European Court of Human Rights in ensuring justice for victims has become ever more important. Especially at a time when the Council of Europe’s human rights system is under pressure, emanating from actions or lack thereof by both EU and non-EU Member States. At the same time, even when duly taking into account the political and financial restraints placed onto the Council of Europe, it appears too deferential towards Turkey.”

The groups urged the EU and its members to use their influence within the Council of Europe and urge them to be less deferential towards Turkey.

Turkey survived a military coup attempt on July 15, 2016, immediately after which the government declared an ever continuing State of Emergency.

Nearly 150,000 have passed through police custodies and some 60,000 were remanded in prison as part of the post-coup crackdown.

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